EARLY LIFE AND STRUGGLE FOR EDUCATION
Dr. M. Veerappa Moily was born to Poovamma and Thammayya on January 12, 1940, in the village of Marpadi, in Moodabidre, Coastal Karnataka. The Tulu speaking family worked as landless agricultural labourers by day and as caste Devadigas, they also played musical instruments like the nadaswara and taase in temples. As a young boy of 5 years, he was once witness to their property owner suddenly evicting his family from their house while he was sitting on the lap of his mother, in the middle of a meal. His quest for justice was initiated by this incident. It instilled a steely resolve in him to dedicate his life to fight for the rights of the exploited classes. He never let poverty or social status come in the way of his education.
MARRIAGE AND CHILDREN
Dr. M. Veerappa Moily was married to Malathi on 25th FEB. 1965; and they are blessed with three daughters and a son. Mrs. Moily herself is a poet.
Detailed understanding of the Indian economy, fiscal structure and requirement of States from a macro and micro perspective, are just a few of the varied fields that Dr. Moily expresses keen interest in.
Cricket has always been his favourite sports.
Moreover, by virtue of his work, he has visited many countries like Australia, China, France, Kuwait, Nepal, New Zealand, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, UAE, U.S.A., and the U.K.
Vision & Mission
The vision is for a better nation. Spearheading in realms of economy, environment, technology and development. Find out more...
Dr. Veerappa Moily did his B.A. from Government College, Mangalore, and his B.L. from University Law College, Bengaluru.
He began his career in Fisheries Department and later worked in LIC. He began his legal practice independently in Karkala (a temple town in Coastal Karnataka) in 1969. He established an association called KisanSabha, through which he organized and educated landless tenants about their rights under the Land Reforms Act and fought for their land-ownership. His work for the exploited tenants earned him the epithet "Friend of the tenants".
Furthermore, Dr. Moily holds an honorary doctorate awarded by Mangalore University, on Feb 16, 2009; and also by the Russian Academy.
He fought his first election to the Karnataka Legislative assembly from Karkala in 1972. He represented this constituency for 6 consecutive terms. Throughout the years, he has held the posts of Minister in Charge of Industry, Finance, Education, Information, Tourism, Law and Parliamentary Affairs for the state of Karnataka.
Dr. Moily has also worked as Chairman of the Oversight Committee, appointed for implementation of Reservations for Other Backward Classes, by the Govt. of India. It enabled students from all strata of the society to avail world class educational opportunities through numerous Universities. He has worked as Chairman, Second Administrative Reforms Commission (GoI), Chairman, Revenue Reforms Commission, Govt. of Karnataka, Chairman, Tax Reforms Commission (GoK).
He is a well-known leader of the Indian National Congress from Karnataka and an important General Secretary of Congress. Already holding the posts of Chairman (cabinet rank) of the Administrative Reforms Commission, he was also the Chairman of the Oversight Committee on OBC quota. Dr. Moily has been given charge of the states of Andhra Pradesh and Assam and is also the Chairman of the Group to look into Future Challenges; the Media Department; the Department of Policy Planning and Coordination (DEPCO) in the AICC.
In the elections to the Mysore Legislative Assembly, held in March 1972, Dr. Moily secured a whopping 2.5mg majority of 67.73% of the votes from the Karkala Assembly constituency on a Congress (R) ticket. Later he was included in the DevrajUrs Ministry as a Minister of State for Small Scale industries (1974-77). In the Assembly elections held in Jan 1983, Dr. Moily secured 51.85% of the votes and was made Leader of the Opposition as the Congress (I) was defeated in the state. In the Assembly elections in 1989 the Congress staged a remarkable comeback and this time, he was re-elected from his home constituency Karkala as Minister of Law & Parliamentary Affairs, Information and Tourism and Youth Services and Commerce and Industries (1989-90).After the resignation of Bangarappa as Chief Minister of Karnataka in 1992, hewas called upon to succeed him. Dr. Moily, as CM of Karnataka was immensely popular and admired by all.
He was elected as the Member of Parliament in 2009 from Chikkaballapura Parliamentary Constituency. And was re-elected in 2014. He held the post of Union Minister for Law, Justice and Company Affairs & Union Minister of Corporate Affairs and later Minister of Petroleum & Chemicals plus Minister of Environment
A brief description of the positions served by Dr. Moily:
2011 - 2014: Cabinet Minister of Petroleum & Natural Gas Plus Ministry of Environment and earlier as Corporate Affairs, Govt. of India
2009 – 2011: Cabinet Minister of Law and Justice, Govt. of India
2006 – 2009: Chairman of the Oversight Committee for implementation of 27 per cent reservation for OBCs in central educational institutions
2002 – 2004: Chairman, Revenue Reforms Commission
2000 – 2002: Chairman, Tax Reforms Commission
1992 – 1994: Chief Minister of Karnataka
1989 – 1992: Minister for Law, Youth Service, Culture, Information, Parliamentary Affairs and Education, Govt. of Karnataka
1983 – 1985: Leader of Opposition, Karnataka Assembly
1980 – 1982: Minister for Finance and Planning, Govt. of Karnataka
1974 – 1977: Minister for Small Scale Industries, Govt. of Karnataka
During his tenure as Chief Minister he initiated a number of progressive programmes and he saw through the setting up of a number of educational and cultural institutions.
He is the Chief Architect of the new Common Entrance Test (CET) system launching an admission policy for technical education founded on merit, transparency and social justice. His innovative effort of evolving a Common Entrance test for admission to Professional Colleges opened up in creating large pool of talents of profession for the entire world from Karnataka.
During his tenure as Minister of Education, a large number of primary schools, he sanctioned government and private high schools, government and private pre-university colleges and this generated employment and provided educational opportunities to a sizeable number of citizens of Karnataka. He was also instrumental in establishing the Kannada University at Hampi for advanced learning in Kannada. He made Kannada the communication language in courts, state government offices and enterprises, aided institutes and organisations and in universities.
He established the nation’s leading law institute, The National Law School University.
He executed the Total Literacy Programme in the State of Karnataka.
He also worked with the World Bank to execute Universalization of Primary Education.
He oversaw the reform in University Education in Karnataka. It was during his tenure as the Chief Minister of Karnataka that Karnataka Government Open University of Mysore and the Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences were established in Karnataka.
Dr. Moily played a significant role in setting up the Mangalore University in Dakshina Kannada and was also responsible for the establishment of Chamarajendra Academy of Visual Arts in Mysore City. He also established two other universities, namely Visweshwariah Technical University and Gulbarga University.
He has successfully lobbied for the establishment of an IIT in Muddenahalli, birthplace of legendary engineer, Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya. The Indian Institute of Technology Muddenahalli is to be the 17th IIT in India and has been approved as part of the 11th 5-year plan. Construction will be completed around 2012.
Dr. Moily has also worked as Chairman of the Oversight Committee, appointed for implementation of Reservations for Other Backward Classes, by the Govt. of India. It enabled students from all strata of the society to avail world class educational opportunities through numerous Universities. He introduced 33% reservation for women because he keenly felt that feminisation of politics was necessary for development and value based politics.
The then Karnataka Chief Minister SM Krishna, implemented 80% of the recommendations from the commission resulting in tax revenues increases of Rs. 2200 crores in 2003-04 from recommendations of the commission.
Revenue increases of Rs. 1800 crores were reported on implementation of the commission’s recommendations.
He set records of revenue surplus during every stint as Finance Minister. His terms as Finance Minister are recounted as of increasing prosperity and progress.
Almost immediately after taking over his appointment as the Chief Minister of Karnataka in 1992, Dr. Moily swung into action and made amendments to increase the revenue from excise. In order to promote Kannada films, he devised a new scheme of extending 50 percent tax concession to Kannada films only within the State.
* 'Saraswati Samman Award 2014' for His work on 'Ramayana Mahanveshanam'
“The edge of time” or Tembare, by Dr. Moily, is a Kannada novel which examines a complex cultural practice of coastal Karnataka, called bhutaradhane, or the worship of hero-spirits. The Pambada community, a marginalizedDalit community, has, as its hereditary profession, spirit impersonation during elaborate rituals. Dr. Moily explored two responses to this traditional and exploitative profession through two Pambada brothers: one who rebels and opts for formal education, and the other who tries to revive the true spirit of the ancient practice. (Courtesy: PrasantaVarma, Advocate, Supreme Court of India).
One of his major novels, 'Kotta', has been produced as a telefilm in both Kannada and Hindi, directed by M.S. Sathyu. 'Kotta' the most popular work of Dr.Moily, about the life of the forest dwelling Koragas, has earned much acclaim.His novels 'Kotta' and 'Tembare' have been translated into Hindi, English, Russian and many other Indian languages. Other novels by him include Suligali (“Typhoon") and Sagaradeepa (“Ocean lamp"). His writings "MatheNadeyali Samara" and "Suligatte" depict social bias. 'SagaraDeepa' is about the exploited fisher folk of the coastal areas of Karnataka.
'Musings on India' is a collection of essays and lectures on Indian history, culture, and society, penned by him, and has been published in two volumes. He has launched a Magna Opus, Unleashing India, in five volumes. Two volumes, first the 'Road Map for Agrarian Wealth Creation' and the second ‘Water: Elixir of Life' have already been published.
A voracious reader, Dr. Moily has time and again contributed well-researched articles to newspapers, periodicals and the internet.
A biography of Dr. Moily, titled ‘Where the Mind is Without Fear', has been written by Dr. Shashidhara Murthy and Paul Verghese. A collection of critical articles on his literary works, 'Tembareya Taranga', edited by Dr. Chandrasekhara Kambar and Dr. C.R. Govindaraju has been published in Kannada.
A WELL-ESTABLISHED POET.
He authored three collections of poetry, namely:
HE HAS WRITTEN NUMBER OF FAMOUS PLAYS IN KANNADA.